Analysis of morphological changes after facial massage by a novel approach using three‐dimensional computed tomography

Facial massage is widely performed for relaxation and beauty treatment, and is well-known to affect skin color and facial sagging, but the effects of massage have so far been evaluated mostly by subjective visual methods. There has been little research on the mechanisms of massage-induced facial shape changes, and no objective method has been available to evaluate changes of internal facial structures, such as subcutaneous fat tissues and facial expression muscles, caused by massage.

Due to advances in diagnostic imaging equipment, computed tomography (CT) is widely used for diagnosis and screening examinations. In particular, multi-detector-row CT (MDCT) can provide three-dimensional (3D) CT images of face and body shape, as well as subcutaneous structures.

Therefore, in the present study, we set out to establish a 3D-CT method to analyze facial morphology and intra-facial structure objectively, and we used this method to examine the effects of facial massage, in comparison with a photograph-based visual evaluation method. The efficacy of massage for improving facial morphology was confirmed by both methods, and 3D-CT could also visualize the changes in subcutaneous structures.

Source: Wiley Online Library

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